In order to keep their gardens lush and healthy, gardeners often unwittingly do a lot of harm to the environment. Especially harmful are chemical pesticides that are used to kill or mitigate pests such as aphids and slugs. They are usually very effective but they do not only kill the harmful organisms but the beneficial ones too. Many garden designers including Alice Bowe therefore heavily promote green gardening practises that either eliminate or dramatically reduce the need to use pesticides, herbicides and other hazardous substances.
In order to avoid or limit the use of toxic chemicals in your garden to the minimum, you should choose plants very carefully. Avoid plants that are highly vulnerable to pests and diseases, and choose those that are less susceptible to common garden pests. Great choice are native plants which are less likely to get infested. You may also grow exotic plants because many thrive outside their habitats due to absence of natural enemies. It is a good idea, however, to make a prior research.
A combination of urban sprawl, intensive agriculture, deforestation and other human activities has dramatically reduced habitat for wildlife. Modern garden design therefore pays a lot of attention to creation of wildlife-friedly gardens, primarily through the selection of plants and strict avoidance of chemicals. But garden designers such as Alice Bowe also foresee creation of miniature wildlife habitats and shelters such as insect houses, bird boxes, etc.. In addition to conserving local ecosystems, these measures also help control the pests all naturally.
Organic Pest Control
‘Inviting’ wildlife species into your garden by avoiding chemicals, choosing native plants and creating wildlife habitats sometimes is not enough to protect your garden plants. But instead of using chemicals, you should choose organic pesticides. These are usually made of plant material and do not cause any harm to the environment. If you must use chemicals, be sure to follow the manufacturer’s instructions carefully.
Instead of buying artificial fertilisers, you should compost garden and kitchen waste. It will provide your plants with all the necessary nutrients for optimal growth without causing any harm to the environment. At the same time, you will save a considerable amount of money in the long term.
Garden plants need plenty of water to thrive, especially during the hot summer months which puts a major pressure on water supply. Green gardening therefore also foresees responsible use of water or better yet collection of rainwater for watering garden plants.